IN THE MATTER OF THE CITIZENSHIP ACT,
R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29
AND IN THE MATTER OF an appeal from the
decision of a Citizenship Judge
AND IN THE MATTER OF
YU LIM TO
- and -
THE MINISTER OF CITIZENSHIP
REASONS FOR ORDER AND ORDER
 This is an appeal of the decision of Pamela Appelt, Citizenship Judge (the "Judge"), dated January 30, 1998. The Judge found that the appellant had failed to meet the requirements of subsections 5(1)(c)(d) and (e) of the Act.
 After discussion the respondent has agreed that, given that the appellant is over 60 years of age, the language and knowledge requirements pursuant to subsections 5(1)(d) and (e) of the Act be waived.
 The appellant also suggests that the residency requirement as set out in subsection 5(1)(c) of the Citizenship Act are met and the Citizenship Judge did not apply the applicable law.
 The appellant is from Hong Kong and was granted permanent residence on February 4, 1994. He applied for citizenship on March 14, 1997.
 The appellant was absent a total of 954 days f a total of 1,095 days required by the Act.
 The appellant testified through an interpreter and submitted that he moved to Canada in 1994 with his wife and his children.
 Previous to this move, he had been a manager of a jewellery business in Hong Kong for 35 years.
 He terminated his job before he left Hong Kong, sold his house, and bought a new one in Canada in 1992.
 He has renovated this house many times since 1992, and provided different receipts of expenses on that house.
 The appellant testified that he tried to find a job in Canada and applied at ten different places without success.
 His former employer offered him a consulting job in Hong Kong through a new company that was created by the appellant here in Canada.
 The appellant suggests that he has established his mode of living here in Canada. His wife, his family, and all his belongings are in Canada, but he has to get back to Hong Kong for more than 9 months a year to work, and to generate a revenue to sustain his family here in Canada.
 His wife, who used to travel with him before this application, is now living on a permanent basis in Canada.
 The appellant has filed documentary evidence showing that he is paying income taxes and municipal taxes, here in Canada, even though he has to go to Hong Kong for more than 70% of his time.
 The appellant testified that he wants to regularize his situation here in Canada, and also wants to vote.
 The appellant also mentioned that he is under contract for the next two years and he will probably return to Canada permanently at the end of that time.
 In Re Koo (1992), 59 F.T.R. 27 at 31, Madame Justice Reed found that the test for establishing whether or not someone was resident in Canada within the meaning of subsection 5(1)(c) was [whether] Canada is the place where the appellant "regularly, normally or customarily lives". Another formulation of the same test is whether Canada is the country in which he or she has centralized his or her mode of existence.
 However, in several instances, this Court has held that actual physical presence may not be required where there are exceptional or special circumstances, as was the issue in Re Chiu, (1995), 28 Imm. L.R. (2d) 211, Re Chan, (1995), 28 Imm. L.R. (2d) 203.
 In other cases, this Court has held that residence requirements will be fulfilled where there is evidence of ties to Canada, despite physical absences. For example, in Re Hasan (1993), 22 Imm. L.R. (2d) 39, Cullen J. for this Court held that a strict interpretation of the term "physically present"
in determining residence ignores current situations, and the frequent necessity
to work under contract with an employer outside Canada. Given that the
appellant in this case had sufficient ties to Canada to show that it was his
home, and that his employment necessitated his long absences, Cullen J. granted
 Other than the fact that the appellant's wife and children are in Canada, the appellant had few ties to Canada. I refer to Wen-Lung Chen (Spencer)  F.C.J. No. 1578, where Justice Teitelbaum says:
... Re. John Tiny Min Hui (1994) 24 IMM. L.R. (2d) 8, it is stated
in the held, "Canadianization" of permanent residents cannot be accomplished
abroad". On page 14, Mr. Justice Muldoon goes on to say, as the purpose for the
residency requirement, "it (the Citizenship Act) intends to confer citizenship
on appellants who have "Canadianized" themselves by residing among Canadians in
Canada. This cannot accomplished abroad. Nor can it be accomplished be [sic]
depositing bank accounts, rental payment (or being the owner of a condo)
furniture, clothing goods and more importantly, spouses and children - in a
word, all except oneself - in Canada while remaining personally outside
 I consider that the appellant does not meet any of the criteria established by the Act.
 We agree to waive the language and knowledge requirements of the Act in this case, but we cannot also waive the requirement of residency.
 The appellant does not speak either of the two official languages, he does not have a sufficient knowledge of Canada, and he spends most of his time outside Canada.
 The appellant has mentioned that he will return permanently to Canada in two years. It will be easier for him after a certain period of time to re-apply for citizenship when he meets all the criteria of the Act.
 For the foregoing reasons, this appeal is dismissed.
Pierre Blais Judge
OTTAWA, ONTARIO March 30, 1999
Archbishop Ungerer of the Free Catholic Church of Germany; the Honorable Pamela Appelt of Toronto, Canada; Dr. Gabriele Yonan, Berlin Free University; Rev.
Alfreddie Johnson, founder of the World Literacy Crusade; and Dr. Derek Davis of Baylor University in the U.S.
[. . .] Whole article at http://germany.freedommag.org/press/page08.htm
> The St. Catharines Standard reported on December 6th on efforts by
> Scientology to protest French efforts against cults, claiming religious
> "The French National Assembly passed legislation which bans what it calls
> 'sects.' The legislation covers 172 denominations including 7th Day
> Adventists, Mormons, Baptists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Scientologists. It
> criminalizes minority religions and can impose fines, jail terms, and
> organizational dissolution. The word 'sect' itself is not defined. The
> crime of 'mental manipulation' is also not defined. The law contravenes
> numerous national and international human rights laws which France is
> signatory to - its own constitution, the european Convention on Human
> Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
> "Religious freedom, freedom of conscience, civil liberties, freedom of
> assembly and the right of self-determination are all threatened in France.
> If it can happen there, it can happen here. Religious freedom must not
> only be tolerated; it must be protected - nationally and internationally.
> Human rights activities were organized by the Church of Scientology,
> Friends of the United NAtions, the Washington Institute of religion and
> Public Policy, the Paris based Coalition Against the New Inquisition and
> Omnium des Libertes. Approximately 15,000 people from all over the world
> came to Plaza de la Bastille, Paris for a peaceful Unity March. Upon
> arrival, we were frustrated to learn that the French Prefecture had
> categorically refused permission for the march to take place.
> "I'll never forget seeing actress Kirstie Alley and singer Isaac Hayes
> leaning out the window with huge smiles on their faces, Shaft shaking his
> fist, and an old Muslim leader wiping tears from his eyes. A hundred
> soldiers moved in and cordoned off the area. Even as we dispersed, more
> police arrived, clad in black fatigues, helmets and shields. After the
> rally, we met with Terrence Longeran, the assistant to Canadian Ambassador
> Raymond Chretien. Attending were Al Buttnor, National Director of Affairs
> of Scientology, Canada, Reverend Earl Smith, Shailendra Prasad, editor of
> Toronto's India Journal and me. Lonegran gave us insights into French
> society, their view of the issue and advice on how to address the problems
> we faced.
> "The next day's human rights tribunal consisted of expert panelists from
> around the world - lawyers, scholars, historians, religious leaders,
> journalists, and retired Canadian Judge Pamela Appelt. We heard nine hours
> of testimony from individuals who had experienced discrimination - a woman
> whose children were taken away and not returned until she agreed to live
> far from the Krishna Temple she attended; a radio journalist fired for
> interviewing a Scientologist; a French math tutor, labeled a cultist and
> boycotted by the Business Association; an Algerian Muslim Imam whose mayor
> prevented the building of a mosque."
"Al Buttnor, National Director of Affairs of Scientology, Canada" He definitely is a roving hatchetman. Then again, the Toronto org is the lynchpin of their whole Canadian operation, so maybe that title is true (or at least not provably false).
"Terrence Longeran, the assistant to Canadian Ambassador Raymond Chretien."
Has Ambassador Chretien been shifted from Washington?
"a woman whose children were taken away" .. until she disconnected from SP relatives and did amends to change her PTS condition. Co$ is really laying it on thick by wrapping themselves in the victim flag.
Ron of that ilk.