L. Ron Hubbard, founder of Scientology, is well-known for his
complete disregard for the rights of individuals who, in his words,
"are not surviving". His so-called "tone scale" which he touted as
a way to guage the emotional state of individuals, places anyone below
2.0 (antagonism) in a "lower band". Here are excerpts from his 1951
book, _Science of Survival_, part one, page 157, second paragraph,
which clearly illustrate his views regarding "low-toned" individuals:
"The reasonable man quite ordinarily overlooks the fact that people
from 2.0 [antagonism] down have no traffic with reason and cannot be
reasoned with as one would reason with a 3.0 [conservatism]. There are
only two answers for the handling of people from 2.0 down on the tone
scale, neither one of which has anything to do with reasoning with them
or listening to their justification of their acts. The first is to raise
them on the tone scale by un-enturbulating some of their theta by any one
of the three valid processes. The other is to dispose of them quietly and
According to Hubbard, individuals in the lower "tone levels" are not
succeeding in life, since they are connected to, or have in the past been
connected to evil, "suppressive persons" or "SPs" which causes the person
to assume the "suppressive" characteristics of their oppressor. Hubbard
states that such persons cannot be trusted since they are not sane.
In _Science of Survival_, part one, page 131, first and second
paragraphs, Hubbard wrote:
"The only answers would seem to be the permanent quarantine of such
['1.1, or covertly hostile, low-toned'] persons from society to avoid
the contagion of their insanities and the general turbulence which they
bring into any order, thus forcing it lower on the scale, or processing
such person until they have attained a level on the tone scale which gives
In any event, any person from 2.0 down on the tone scale should not
have, in any thinking society, any civil rights of any kind, because by
abusing those rights he brings into being arduous and strenuous laws which
are oppressive to those who need no such restraints."
A "1.1 person" is said by Hubbard (and Scientologists, therefore, since
they adhere to Hubbard's philosophy) to be "in covert hostility"
emotionally. One "training aid" used by the cult, called the "Tone Scale
Illustrated", depicts a person at the "Tone Level" of 1.1 by a drawing of
a man smiling, while holding a knife behind his back.
Hubbard wrote that a person becomes an "SP" by being suppressed by
another person until he takes on the "valence" (characteristics) of his
"suppressor". He states that "SPs" are the cause of all illnesses, and he
states that people "making mistakes is evidence that there is a suppressive
in the vicinity". The name Hubbard gave for a person who is at adverse
effect of a real *or imagined* suppressive person is "PTS", which stands
for "Potential Trouble Source".
In a bulletin dated 24 November 1965, Hubbard wrote about "Suppressive
Persons" and the three types of "Potential Trouble Sources" (persons who
are sources of trouble due to their connection to 'Suppressive Persons').
In the cult of Scientology, a "Type 3 PTS" includes persons who have become
psychotic. Hubbard wrote: "Type Three [PTS] is beyond the facilities of
[Scientology] orgs not equipped with hospitals as these are entirely
I find this statement regarding "orgs not equipped with hospitals" to be
idiotic, since I have been in numerous Scientology organizations, including
three of the "advanced orgs", and NONE of them has a hospital on the
premises. Knowing Hubbard's extreme dislike for "medicos" and "psychs",
it is highly unlikely that there will ever be a Scientology org equipped
with a hospital.
Interestingly, Hubbard wrote that Scientology orgs are NOT in the
business of healing the insane. In fact, persons with known "psych"
histories are not even eligible for Scientology's "services". Hubbard wrote
that Scientology offered its help to "help make the able more able", saying
that Scientology OWED its help to no one.
With regard to the treatment by Scientology toward "Type Three PTS"
(insane) persons, Hubbard said: "The Type Three PTS is mostly in
institutions or would be." He recommends that in the treatment of
psychotics, "one must disconnect the person from the environment" and
further states that "The task with a Type Three is NOT treatment as such.
It is to provide a relatively safe environment and quiet and rest and no
treatment of a mental nature at all." In fact Hubbard even went so far as to
state that placing the crazy person in a room, with nothing but an object,
such as a *rock*, would cause an insane person to "rise in tone"! This is
Hubbard's "scientific method". What else does the one-time science fiction
writer have to offer? Read on.
Hubbard also states that in the handling of psychotics, "Medical care of a
very unbrutal nature is necessary as intravenous feeding and soporifics
(sleeping and quieting drugs) may be necessary, such persons are
sometimes also physically ill from an illness with a known medical cure."
Perhaps for reasons intended to explain or justify failures of his
"technology" [sic] for treating psychotics, Hubbard stated:
"But there will always be some failures as the insane sometimes
withdraw into rigid unawareness as a final defense, sometimes CAN'T BE
KEPT ALIVE [emphasis mine] and sometimes are too hectic and distraught
to ever become quiet...".
My guess is that Hubbard foresaw failures in handling psychotics with
his methods. Unlikely however, is the possibility that he ever considered
people would DIE while undergoing "treatment" with Scientology's
methods, especially by certain procedures contained in his Introspection
Rundown. Sadly, Lisa McPherson is one such person who died as a result of
negligence from her Scientologist "friends". She had been held in isolation
at Scientology's facility in Clearwater, Florida for seventeen days, during
which time her body weight dropped an estimated 47 pounds, going from about
155 pounds down to 108 pounds!
Hubbard mused: "Classification [of psychotic individuals] is interesting
but non-productive since they are all PTS, all will Roller Coaster [get
better, then worse, then better, then worse] and none can be trained or
processed with any idea of lasting result no matter the temporary miracle."
Hubbard wrote in an article entitled "Psychotics", which was published
in Volume 13, Number 2 of "Certainty Magazine - An Official Periodical
of Scientology" published in February 1966:
"The true psychotic is one who causes hysteria, apathy, mis- conceptions
and the reactions of stress in others. That is the identity of the being
that is the source of psychosis."
"The actual psychotic is covertly or overtly destructive of anything the
rest of us consider good or decent or worthwhile."
"The true psychotic worships destruction and abhors reasonable, decent
or helpful actions."
"The statistics of psychosis are not going to lessen in the society until
this type of personality is completely isolated and understood."
These sections of Hubbard's "technology" are part of the basis for
Scientology's justification for their "treatment" of individuals by
ISOLATING the person from the rest of society.
In this same article "Psychotics", Hubbard wrote:
"We do not consider psychosis a field of practice in Scientology and
Scientology was not researched or designed as a cure for psychosis or
'substitute for psychiatry'. But in the course of research, I have
discovered these things and found them to be workable."
I have known of three Scientologists who became "Type Three PTS" and
were isolated. All were subjected to procedures contained in the following
referenced HCOB, or "Hubbard Communications Office Bulletin".
In HCO Bulletin of 23 January 1974RA "The Technical Breakthrough of
1973! The Introspection Rundown", Hubbard wrote regarding psychotic
"I have made a technical breakthrough which possibly ranks with the
major discoveries of the Twentieth Century. It is certainly the greatest
advancement of 1973 and is now being released after final wrap-up of
research. It is called the Introspection Rundown."
"The breakthrough was made on a person who, after a series of wrong
indications, went into a full-blown psychotic break - violence, destruction
"Steps of the RD [Rundown] (Steps 0 and 00 are for a person in a
psychotic break, not a normal person.) Put this checklist on inside front
cover of folder as a pgm.
"0. On a person in a psychotic break isolate the person wholly with all
attendants *completely* muzzled (no speech). _______
"00. Give Vitamins (B Complex, including niacinamide) and minerals
(calcium and magnesium) to build the person up. _______"
Additionally, Hubbard wrote in another "technical bulletin" - HCOB 20
February 1974 "Introspection Rundown Additional Actions":
"In a person in a psychotic break, it is necessary to isolate them for them
to destimulate and to protect them and others from possible damage.
While in isolation the person receives the Introspection Rundown..."
The Scientology employee in charge of supervising a person suffering
from a psychotic break is called a "Case Supervisor". According to the
same HCO Bulletin of 20 February 1974, the "C/S Action - Cleared
Cannibal Step" is given by Hubbard as:
"The C/S's action is a direct comm[unication] line to the person by notes.
The person is provided with paper and pen to reply. The C/S must
determine the person's responsibility level. Example: 'Dear Joe. What can
you guarantee me if you are let out of isolation?' If the person's reply
shows continued irresponsibility toward other dynamics or fixation on one
dynamic to the exclusion of others damaged the C/S must inform the
person of his continued isolation and why. Example: 'Dear Joe. I'm sorry
but no go on coming out of isolation yet. Your actions threatened the
survival of hundreds of people indirectly and 6 families directly by
burning down their houses. You are unaware of the effects this could have
had and still only concerned about your own welfare. You must hate the
human race quite a bit."
Scientology's recommended treatment of psychotics, according to
Hubbard's "technical" bulletin of 24 November 1965 entitled "Level IV
Search and Discovery", consists of:
"The modern mental hospital with its brutality and suppressive
treatments is not the way to give a psychotic quiet and rest. Before
anything effective can be done in this field a proper institution would have
to be provided, offering only rest, quiet and medical assistance for
intravenous feedings and sleeping draughts where necessary but not as
'treatment' and where NO treatment is attempted until the person looks
recovered and only then a Search and Discovery [Hubbard method] as above
under Type Two [PTS]."
Somehow I doubt Lisa McPherson would have been subjected to
"brutality and suppressive treatments" had she received treatment for her
psychotic break ANYWHERE BUT at Scientology's facility in Clearwater.
And to think that Scientology refers to this facility, the Flag Service Org,
as "The Mecca of Standard Tech" ...