COURTESY AND PROFESSIONAL ETHICS
By Vicki Copeland
Each of us who work in research and education in the highly specialized and rarified field of "occult related crime" owes a large debt to the others in the field who have already covered aspects and angles that we have not. From time to time, this necessitates extensive use of other people's materials.
Many of the researchers and educators in this field have produced fine papers, training aids, bibliographies, etc. which are of incalculable help in producing our own newsletters and research papers. Oftentimes these works are not copyrighted so that they can be used by others as needed.
Thus, when such works are used, it behooves each of us, Pagan and Christian alike to give credit where credit is due. It takes little time and effort to make a note that the material being utilized by your work was produced by another's hand.
Recently it has come to our attention that some of the materials that have been produced by CWR contributors have been utilized by other organizations with out proper credit. As Executive Director and CWR Editor, I wish to go on official record as denouncing this policy.
Such behavior is unprofessional and totally counter-productive to what CWR and various other organizations are attempting to accomplish.
Many of the organizations that are in violation of this are Christian ministries, or secular organizations run under the auspices of Christian ministries and/or ministers.
As a general rule, CWR had made a point not to engage in "Christian bashing" believing it to have no place in a newsletter of this sort. We have not changed that policy. HOWEVER, if the shoe fits, wear it! Using someone else's work without proper credit leads the reader to assume that the work in question is one's own.
I would assume that this is a violation of Christian ethics. I KNOW it is a violation of Wiccan ones.
In This Issue:
Letters to the Editor
Cult Danger Evaluation Frame
Recommended Reading List
Signs and Symbols of the Craft
Death by Exorcism
And MUCH MORE ...
CULT DANGER EVALUATION FRAME
by P.E.I. Bonewits
The following "Cult Danger Evaluation Frame" is copyrighted by P.E.I. Bonewits. Please do not copy it without permission of the author. Isaac Bonewits is the founder of a revivalist Druid group called "Ar nDraiocht Fein" (our Own Druidism).
Events in the last few years have clearly indicated just how dangerous some (usually called "cult") groups can be to their own members as well as to anyone else they can exercise influence over. Brainwashings, beatings, rapes and murders, mass suicides, military drilling and gunrunning, drug smuggling, meddling in civil governments and other crimes have been charged against many groups, and in several cases, those accusations have been proven true. Is there any relatively simple way to evaluate just how dangerous or harmless a given group is liable to be, without having to subject oneself to its power?
Perhaps there is now. I have recently constructed a crude analysis tool which I call my "Cult Danger Evaluation Frame." I realize its shortcomings, but feel that it can be effectively used to separate the sheep from the wolves.
The purpose of this evaluation tool is to help both amateur and professional observers, including current or would-be members, of various organizations (including religious, occult, psychological or political groups) to determine just how dangerous a given group is liable to be in comparison with other groups, to the physical and mental health of its members and of others subject to its influence.
As a general rule, the higher the numerical total scored by a given group (the further to the right of the scale), the more dangerous it is likely to be. Though it is obvious that many of the scales in the frame are subjective, it is still possible to make practical judgments using it, provided that all numerical assignments are based on accurate and unbiased observation of actual behavior (as distinct from official pronouncements).
This frame can be used by parents, reporters, law enforcement personnel, social scientists and others interested in evaluating the actual dangers presented by a given group or movement. Obviously, different observers will achieve differing degrees of precision, depending upon the sophistication of their numerical assignments on each scale. However, if the same observer used the same methods of scoring and weighing each scale, their comparisons of relative danger or harmlessness between groups will be reasonably valid, at least for their own purposes.
It should be pointed out that this evaluation frame is founded upon a) modern ideas of humanistic psychology concerning the nature of mental health and personal growth, and b) the author's twelve years of participant observation and historical research into minority belief systems. Those who believe that relativism and anarchy are as dangerous to mental health as absolutism and authoritarianism are, should count groups with total scores nearing either extreme (high or low) as being equally hazardous. As far as dangers to physical well-being are concerned, however, the author feels that both historical records and current events clearly indicate the direction in which the greatest threats lit. This is especially so since the low-scoring groups usually seem to have survival and growth rates so small that they seldom develop the abilities to commit large-scale atrocities even had they the philosophical or political inclinations to do so.
1. INTERNAL CONTROL, amount of internal political power exercised by leader(s) over members.
2. WISDOM CLAIMED by leader(s); amount of infallibility declared about decisions.
3. WISDOM CREDITED to leader(s) by members; amount of trust in decisions made by leader(s).
4. DOGMA, rigidity of reality concepts taught; amount of doctrinal inflexibility.
5. RECRUITING, emphasis put on attracting new members, amount of proselytizing.
6. FRONT GROUPS, number of subsidiary groups using different names from that of the main group.
7. WEALTH, amount of money and/or property desired or obtained; emphasis on members' donations.
8. POLITICAL POWER; amount of external political influence desired or obtained.
9. SEXUAL MANIPULATION of members by leader(s); amount of control over sex lives of members.
10. CENSORSHIP; amount of control over members' access to outside opinions on group, its doctrines or leader(s).
11. DROPOUT CONTROL; intensity of efforts directed at preventing or returning dropouts.
12. ENDORSEMENT OF VIOLENCE when used by or for the group or its leader(s).
13. Paranoia; amount of fear concerning real or imagined enemies; perceived power of opponents.
14. GRIMNESS; amount of disapproval concerning jokes about the group, its doctrines or leader(s).
15. SURRENDER OF WILL; emphasis on members not having to be responsible for personal decisions.
(From Real Magic, by P.E.I. Bonewits, Creative Arts Book Co., Berkeley, CA 1971)
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
This month we have had several letters to the editor. While we cannot agree with everything expressed in these letters, it is nice to know that our readers are paying attention and responding. It has been said that a newsletter that generates no controversy isn't doing a very effective job. I guess we must be doing something right. Ed.
I must protest the serious problems with Hal Mansfield's remarks on "cults" in the Nov. and Feb. issues of CWR. Mr. Mansfield has, perhaps innocently, produced a one-sided and misleading account.
Every one of the five "authorities" that Mr. Mansfield cites in his section on "cults" is an active promoter of "deprogramming," a euphemism for kidnapping, harassment, and intimidation. One authority (Hassan) is himself a deprogrammer; another (Singer) has testified in court that violent deprogramming is better than leaving a "cult" voluntarily; and two (CAN and AFF) are organizations that act as publicity agents and referral networks for deprogrammers. Of the real experts on the new religious movements (Melton, Shupe, Shinn, Bromeley, Anthony, Robbins, Stark, Baimbridge, etc.) only Gallanter is referenced in Mr. Mansfield's article, and that not in the section on "cults" but in the general introduction. It is difficult to say that Mansfield's statements are false, since he does not identify which religious groups he is accusing. If by "cult" Mr. Mansfield means only the People's Temple and the Manson family, his claims may be valid. But his vague use of the word (and indeed his whole article) plays into the hands of the deprogrammers who seek to inflame an "anti-cult" hysteria that will make frightened parents more willing to part with their money.
What Mr. Mansfield has presented under the guise of research is actually deprogrammer propaganda. Perhaps Mr. Mansfield was unaware of the bias of his sources, but the effect of his article is to legitimize bigotry and violence against minority religions.
Yours for Freedom,
Coalition for Religious Freedom.
To the Editor,
Usually, I don't respond to letters about discussion papers that I have written over the years. However, there are a few points I feel the need to respond to concerning Dan Holdgreiwe's letter in reference to my discussion paper "Five Troubling Aspects."
First off, it is obvious that Mr. Holdgreiwe's organization is in a bitter war with Cult Awareness Network. I have no desire to be caught in that crossfire. Rather, I would like to see some exchange of ideas and reading materials.
Mr. Holdgreiwe refers to a list of "experts" as being the real experts. Sorry: no such thing. One person's expert is another's fool. That is why I don't buy into expert wars, being a rather subjective animal.
What would have been far more constructive would be listing the published works by the people he lists so people could read for themselves. Since he did not, I did a little homework and list the works at the end of this letter.
Those who read my article saw at the end a list of books and such. Any author who takes time to do a list hopes people will read for themselves and draw their own conclusions. Hopefully they agree, and if not, list some different works and references.
I, like many others, like to include many points of view in my library, and an always looking for new material. Any such research and opinions should include that kind of material rather than just emotions.
As to my paper being vague, yes it probably was, since the discussion of the items presented could go on forever. The paper was designed to start some thoughts on the items listed, not an indepth thesis. You will also note in the works Mr. Holdgriewe lists that they use the word "cult" in the titles as well. I suggest folks read the listed books including the ones I produced and decide for themselves.
As promised, here are the references Mr. Holdgriewe failed to produce. I have added them to my library, some of you may want to do likewise.
1. Strange Gods, Bromley & Shupe, Beacon Press, 1981
2. Encyclopedic Handbook of Cults in America, J. Gordon Melton, Garland, 1986
3. The Cult Experience, Melton & Moore, Pilgrim Press, 1982
4. Cults, Faith, Healing, and Coercion, Marc GAlanter, Oxford Press, 1989
5. Cults and New Religious Movements, Ed. Galanter, APA, 1989
Hal Mansfield, Director
Religious Movement Resource Center
Ft. Collins, CO
From the Rocky Mtn. News, Saturday, March 30, 1991
12 PEOPLE NAILED TO CROSSES IN CEREMONIES IN PHILLIPINES (AP)
THOUSANDS OF TOURISTS TURN OUT TO SEE RITES FROWNED ON BY CHURCH
Cutud, Phillipines - a 24-year-old fish vendor wept and stared at the heavens yesterday as he and other devotees were nailed to wooden crosses in one of several rituals commemorating the crucifiction of Christ.
At least a dozen people, including two men serving life terms for murder, were nailed to crosses in three areas of Manila and central Luzon Island.
Hundreds beat their backs bloody with bamboo whips as they led the procession in this town to a rice field where some of the cricufixions took place.
"This is my first time to be crucified," fish seller Chito Sanggalang said before being nailed to the cross. "I'm doing it because of my mother, who got sick and got well. I will continue this if God permits me to live on."
Roman Catholic officials disapprove of the cross nailings, but have made little effort to stop them. The rites, which began in this farming community 30 miles north of Manila in 1962, have become a major tourist attraction.
Police said 20,000 people turned out to watch yesterday's ceremonies as the six devotees were nailed to the crosses three at a time, in keeping with the Biblical account that Christ was executed with two thieves.
Devotees dressed as Roman centurions drove long aluminum nailes soaked for a year in disinfectant into their palms, then hoisted the crosses to upright positions.
After about five minutes the six were taken down, and assistants swabbed their palms in iodine to prevent infection.
Asked if he wanted to see a doctor following his ordeal, Sanggalang replied: "It's up to Jesus. I will not take antibiotics."
"I can't believe this," tourist Roland Donor of Zurich, Switzerland, said as he watched blood spatter from the palms of the devotees. "I thought it was done only in the movies. It is frightening. They are very gutsy."
(We can't believe it either! The idea of thousands of tourists turning out to see someone mutilate themselves in the name of religion seems repugnant, disgusting, and more than a bit bizarre to us.)
EXORCISM PROVES FATAL
LIMA, Peru (UPI) -- A woman bled to death during an exorcism conducted by members of her family who ripped out organs of her digestive tract in response to her demands, a police officer said Friday The homicide officer, who asked that his name not be used, said the woman's husband, Pedro Carbajal, 40, and her 20-year-old and 14-year-old sons were suspects in her murder. Four other children of the couple watched the exorcism and death of their mother, the officer said.
Benedicta Peralta Colonio, 38, died of blood loss Wednesday night in her home in the Lima district of Vitarte, 6 miles east of the capital center, after several organs were ripped from her body, the officer said.
The officer said the family is part of a Pentecostal religious sect, led by Brazilian priest Jose de Souza Ribeiro, that urged the family to exorcise a demon that it blamed for chronic stomach cramps by ripping out Peralta's digestive tract.
The officer said the woman participated in her own murder, screaming to her husband and sons to carry out the exorcism.
``Today is the end of the world and we have to go pure to heaven. Remove the devil from me. Remove him,'' the woman said, according to the officer.
The policeman said family members contend Peralta threatened to kill her husband and sons if they did not perform the ritual.
According to the officer, the family was in a ``psychological trance'' and was not under the influence of alcohol or drugs during the exorcism.
After Peralta died, the husband and children burned her clothing and objects she frequently used, according to the officer, as part of the exorcism.
The family then cleaned the house and planned to bury the body in a clandestine location, but later changed their minds and reported the death to police as a murder committed by unknown persons, he said.
During the funeral, the victim's mother, Leonor Colonio, called De Souza a ``tremendous fake and swindler against believers.''
``His pressure and influence over them is so great that his teachings caused this terrible death,'' she said.
The police officer said de Souza is also currently under investigation.
(Those familiar with Wicca will also be familiar with the most binding ethical code referred to as the "Wiccan Rede." In its usual form, it reads, "Eight words the Wiccan Rede fulfil; an it harm NONE, do what you will." CWR recently was given a copy of this much-expanded version of the Rede. It goes into a bit more detail on specific ethics. We thought our readers would like to see just what Wiccan ethics teach. Unfortunately, we weren't given the original source for this, so we have to attribute it to A. Nony Mouse. For an excellent analysis or exegesis of the abbreviated version of the Rede, see "Exegesis on the Wiccan Rede, CWR Vol. 2, No.4.)
Bide ye wiccan laws you must,
in perfect love and perfect trust
Live ye must and let to live,
fairly take and fairly give
Form the circle thrice about
to keep unwelcome spirits out
To bind ye spell will every time,
let the spell be spake in rhyme
Soft of eye and light of touch,
speak ye little, listen much
Deosil go by the waxing moon,
chanting out ye baleful tune
When ye Lady's moon is new,
kiss ye hand to her times two
When ye moon rides at her peak,
then ye heart's desire seek
Heed the north winds mighty gale,
lock the door and trim the sail
When the wind comes from the south,
love will kiss thee on the mouth
When the wind blows from the east,
expect the new and set the feast.
Nine woods in the cauldron go,
burn them fast and burn them slow
Elder be ye Lady's tree,
burn it not or cursed ye'll be
When the wheel begins to turn,
soon ye Beltane fires will burn
When the wheel hath turned
a Yule light the log the Horned One rules
Heed ye flower, bush and tree,
by the Lady blessed be
Where the rippling waters go,
cast a stone, the truth ye'll know
When ye have and hold a need,
harken not to others greed
With a fool no season spend,
or be counted as his friend
Merry meet and merry part,
bright the cheeks and warm the heart.
Mind ye threefold law ye should
three times bad and three times good
When misfortune is enow,
wear the star upon thy brow
True in love may ye ever be,
lest thy love be false to thee
These eight words the wiccan rede fulfill;
An harm ye none, do what ye will.
The discerning reader will see here admonitions to practice faithfulness, truthfulness, and fair dealings. The Wiccan is told to "speak ye little, listen much" and "harken not to others greed." In a society where everyone wants the last word, and keeping up with the Joneses seems to be a national passtime, these tidbits of advice might just do us ALL a lot of good.
SIGNS AND SYMBOLS OF THE CRAFT
Gertrude Jobes in the Dictionary of Myth and Symbol Vol. 2 defines the pentacle as follows: "(1) Eternity, perfection, universe. Worn as a health amulet; used as a doormark to keep out witches. In invocations and spells used as a generator; ... In Christian art typifies the five wounds suffered by Christ, hence a form Devils fear. ... Greek Christians used it as a sign of the cross."
Many modern-day Witches and other Pagans use this sign to stand for the five elements: ie. Earth, Air, Fire, and Water, crowned by Spirit, the fifth point. It is used as a sign of protection and an identification that one follows a Pagan spiritual path. It is in no way associated with evil, hexes, curses, or other meanings so often attributed to it.
In Arthurian legends, Sir Gawain was the "Knight of the Pentacle" and it was displayed on the heraldry of his shield.
This writer has also observed the symbol in the stained glass windows of a Christian chapel designed for worship by members of a religious order.
Readers will, of course, be familiar with the famous drawing by Leonardo showing the human body superimposed on a pentagram with the head at the top point, arms on the two intermediate points, and the legs on the lower two points.
Also of interest is the fact that the present-day flag of the country of Morocco bears a green pentagram on a red field!
Be Used by
The reversed of "inverted" pentagram shown above is most-often associated with Satanism. While Satanists DO use the symbol, certain traditions of Wicca also use the symbol as a sign of the second degree initiation. To them, it symbolized the Horned God of Wicca, who is NOT Satan. When this symbol is found on a site, it must be taken in context with the other materials in order to determine its meaning.
NEWS AROUND THE OFFICE
The most important piece of news that we have this issue is that Vicki, Editor and Executive Director of CWR, received her 3rd degree initiation in the Georgian tradition of Wicca on Saturday, April 13.
This issue sees us read in the US, Canada, the UK, France, New Zealand, Australia, and Malaysia. We are now being indexed by "Periodica Islamica" from Malaysia and reviewed by "Factsheet Five". We also exchange with several main-stream Christian newsletters.
We continue to field calls from police departments and reporters from all over the country concerning occult related crime and the validity of training programs, information, etc. However, recent indications are that the previous flood of activities of this nature seems to be slowing. Some of the organizations that formed just a couple of years ago to deal with the problem of occult crime are no longer in business. Hopefully this is an indication that their services are no longer needed.
We are losing our secretary who is leaving due to the impending birth of her first child. We wish to thank her for all her hard work and wish her much joy with her new family and an easy and safe delivery of her child. She will be SORELY missed.
Lastly, much thanks to the donor of the sizeable chunk of change to CWR. The donor wishes to remain anonymous, but we know who you are and You know who you are. More thanks than you could possibly know. We couldn't do this without people like you.
From the Orange County Register, March 19, 1991
WOMEN TAKE MOTHER TO TRIAL, ALLEGING RITUAL AND SEXUAL ABUSE
By Donna Wares
The daughter, now grown, never recalled anything more unpleasant during childhood than an occasional spanking. Then, she started therapy. Suddenly, horrible tales about her family spilled out.
She told of human sacrifice and sexual abuse, of satanic [sic] ceremonies in church basements and torturers in black robes who swooped down on her like bats.
Her younger sister, 38, dredged up similar stories, claiming she was raped, jolted with electric shocks and smeared with blood from a rabbit's ear.
On Tuesday, both daughters took their petite, widowed mother, 76, to trial in a case that is unfolding like a segment of "Geraldo."
The Mission Viejo [CA] mother -- identified in court papers as Ellen Roe -- has denied any involvement in such goingson and says her daughters are only after her money.
The daughters allege that Roe, their late father and a network of satanic [sic] cult members across Southern California perverted their childhood and scared them into repressed silence for more than 30 years.
They also accuse Roe of sexually abusing her grand-daughter, now 11, and want their mother to pay for their alleged emotional damage.
"This involved brainwashing, mind control and hypnosis," the daughters' attorney, R. Richard Farnell, told an Orange County Superior Court jury Tuesday in Santa Ana. "We're talking about sick people who enjoy inflicting pain -- who get their jollies from being sadistic."
Ridiculous, said Roe's attorney, Tom Allen. He urged jurors to ignore the "B-movie" script allegedly cooked up by the defense, which he said is fraught with memory lapses.
Allen instead sought to portray the mother and daughters as a "happy and healthy family ... [sic] who suffered life's bumps and enjoyed life's joys."
That is, until three years ago when the oldest daughter, 48, a law office administrator and college instructor began therapy at a Huntington Beach counseling center.
Allen alleged that therapists planted the idea of satanic [sic] abuse and the daughters might now believe it.
The daughters sued their mother in 1989 seeking unspecified damages for sexual and physical abuse allegedly starting at infancy.
Because of the sexual abuse allegations and the involvement of an 11-year-old girl, the daughters were allowed by the court to file suit using only initials. The mother is identified in the lawsuit as Ellen Roe, but that is a pseudonym to protect the minor in the case, Farnell said.
Primly dressed in spectacles, a grey wool suit and black pumps, Roe sat silently with lips pursed as her attorney described her as a kind and passive woman.
"She abhors the kind of violence she is now charged with," Allen said. He said the defense has no physical evidence linking Roe to any violence.
"We won't find a human body. We won't find an animal part. We won't find a speck of blood."
At trial, both sides are expected to produce expert witnesses to testify about the prevalence of satanic [sic] worship in the United States and the daughters' claims of repressed memories.
"I don't know of another case like it that's gone to trial," Farnell said. "It's probably breaking new ground."
Allen declined to discuss the case outside the courtroom.
The older daughter briefly took the witness stand Tuesday, describing what she said was her first recollection of a satanic [sic] ritual at age 5: what she believed was a sacrifice of a man on a church alter. "I began very clearly to remember, bit by bit, things that happened when I was quite small," the Costa Mesa woman testified in a quiet, shaky voice.
As the day's session ended, she walked from the witness stand to clasp hands with her younger sister.
Several feet away, at the far end of the counsel table, their mother calmly shuffled through her leather purse and collected her papers. She avoided looking at her daughter.
(Ed. Note - CWR will be following this trail closely as we believe it to be the first court room appearance of the issue of "generational ritualistic abuse." Testimony and decisions in this case seem likely to set precedents for future cases. We will carry updates as the news is forthcoming.)
CWR will experiment with advertising over the next six months, beginning with the June issue. Advertising rates will be as follows:
Full Page - $10.00
Half Page - 6.00
Quarter Page - 4.00
Eighth Page - 2.50
Text only classifieds will be $.10 per word. All ads are on a "per issue" basis and the deadline for each issue is the 15th of the month in which that issue is publishes: i.e. June 15, August 15, and November 15.
We are NOT accepting ads from "ordinary" occult publications and/or retail businesses, but only from those who have products that might be of service to our readership of law enforcement, clinicians, and clergy of non-pagan faiths.
Advertisements for the following items will be taken:
Training material on occult related subjects for clinicians, and/or law enforcement; this material may include books, pamphlets, seminars, videos, etc.
Speakers dealing with the topics in question.
Publications dealing with the subject of occult related crime.
Other items will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
The editorial staff of CWR reserves the right to decline advertising for products and/or services which are contrary to the stated editorial policies of CultWatch Response, Inc. as stated below.
CWR will make every attempt to research the advertisers to make sure that our readers are receiving quality products and services, HOWEVER we make no guarantees of the advertisers, nor does the printing of an advertisement in the newsletter constitute an endorsement of said advertiser by CultWatch Response, Inc.
CWR RECOMMENDED READING LIST
AFRO-CARIBBEAN RELIGIONS AND BELIEFS
Gonzales-Wippler, Migene, Santeria - African Magic in Latin America, Original Products, NY, 1973.
Wetli, C.V., M.D. and Rafael Martinez, M.A., "Brujeria: Manifestations of Palo Mayombe in South Florida" The Journal of the Florida Medical Association, Aug. 1983
Wetli, C. V., M.D. and R. Martinez, M.A., "Forensic Sciences Aspects of Santeria, a Religious Cult of African Origin", Journal of Forensic Science, July 1981
CHILD ABUSE AND RITUAL ABUSE
Crewdson, John, By Silence Betrayed; Sexual Abuse of Children in America, Harper & Row, New York, 1988
Passantino, Gretchen and Bob and Jon Trott. "Satan's Sideshow", CORNERSTONE magazine, volume 18, issue 90, pages 3-8:
LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING MATERIALS
Cuhulain, Kerr A Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca, CultWatch Response, Inc. Colorado Springs, 1989
Office of Criminal Justice Planning, State of California, Gayle Olson-Raymer, writer), Occult Crime: A Law Enforcement Primer,
Zilliox, Larry, Jr. and Larry Kahaner How to Investigate Destructive Cults and Underground Groups: An Investigators Manual Kane Associates, 1991.
OCCULT RELATED CRIME
Carlson, Shawn, PhD, and Larue, Gerald, PhD, Emeritus, Satanism in America: Final Report for the Committee for Scientific Examination of Religion (CSER)
Hicks, Robert, "Satanic Cults: a Skeptical View of the Law Enforcement Approach" (Presentation given at the 11th annual crime prevention conference of the Virginia Crime Prevention Association, Chesapeake, Virginia, June 23, 1989)
Lanning, Kenneth V., "Satanic, Occult, Ritualistic Crime: A Law Enforcement Perspective"
Stevens, Phillips Jr.,"Satanism: Where are the Folklorists?", New York Folklore, Vol. XV, 1-2 1989, pp.1-22
Victor, Jeffrey S. V, "A Rumor-panic About a Dangerous Satanic Cult in Western New York", New York Folklore, Vol. XV, 1-2 1989, pp.1-22
Zane, Thomas, Occult Influenced Crimes, Daytona Beach Community College, FL, 1988.
Lyons, Arthur, Satan Wants You, The Mysterious Press, New York, 1988.
Mansfield, Hal, "Pseudo-Satanism in School Systems Today", Religious Movement Resource Center, Ft. Collins, CO 1988.
Adler, Margot, Drawing Down the Moon 2nd. Edition, Beacon Press, Boston, 1987.
Buckland, Raymond, Buckland's Complete Book of Witchcraft, LLewellyn Publications, St. Paul, MN, 1986.
Farrar, Stewart, What Witches Do, Coward, McCann & Geoghen, Dublin, 1971.
Moonstone, Rowan, "Origins of Halloween", CultWatch Response, Colorado Springs, 1988
Starhawk, The Spirial Dance, Harper & Row, NY, 1979.
We had some problems with the mailing labels for the last issue of CWR (3-2, February 1991). Several copies were returned to us with no labels attached. PLEASE!! If you did not receive the issue you were entitled to, contact us and we will send it ASAP. Thanks.
CWR is published by CultWatch Response, Inc., a Colorado non-profit Corporation. We publish original works in the interest of supplying law enforcement officials, clinicians, and clergy with information on the Craft and "occult related crime". We also publish articles from other sources.
We welcome articles, reviews, etc., but ask that our contributors not promote any race, cultural group, sex, or any magickal group or tradition above another. We emphasize careful research and/or well-thought-out opinions, and will not consider articles suggesting harm to anyone or anything. We will NOT consider articles based on rumor, conjecture, urban legend, or comparative theological debate.
CultWatch Response, Inc., is supported only by subscription revenues and sales of our publications, and is not affiliated with any religious, political, or business group.